The scientists "opened the door" to an unknown world,said the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Time
Three British born scientists won the Nobel Prize in physics for their work that "revealed the secrets of exotic matter," the Nobel academy announced Tuesday.
David Thouless,Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz were awarded the prize for their “theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.”
All three researchers work at universities in the United States.
"This year’s Laureates opened the door on an unknown world where matter can assume strange states. They have used advanced mathematical methods to study unusual phases,or states,of matter,such as superconductors,superfluids or thin magnetic films. Thanks to their pioneering work,the hunt is now on for new and exotic phases of matter. Many people are hopeful of future applications in both materials science and electronics," the academy said in its citation.
The announcements continue with chemistry on Wednesday and the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday. The economics and literature awards will be announced next week.
A Japanese scientist — Yoshinori Ohsumi — whose research is focused on how cells gets recycled by the human body was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine Monday.